ABS – Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene

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    Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)

    Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)

    Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)

    Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene or ABS is a popular thermoplastic polymer used in a variety of industries. The compound is manufactured from acrylonitrile, styrene, and polybutadiene taken in varying proportions. Acrylonitrile contained in ABS makes the material stronger than polystyrene. It also makes the chemical more resistant to the impact of various chemicals and fatigue, at the same time allowing it to become harder, more rigid, and contributing to an increased heat deflection temperature. The presence of the styrene in the material lends it its smooth and shiny surface, helps it to become harder, and makes it easier to process. Polybutadiene contained in the material is responsible for the material’s ductility and toughness at low temperatures. Since the mechanical properties of ABS change depending on the temperature of the environment, the working temperature of this plastic is generally between −20 and 80°C.

    Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer (ABS), a hard, tough, heat-resistant engineering plastic that is widely used in appliance housings, luggage, pipe fittings, and automotive interior parts. Essentially a styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer modified by butadiene rubber, ABS combines the resilience of polybutadiene with the hardness and rigidity of polyacrylonitrile and polystyrene.

    ABS is most commonly polymerized through the process of emulsion (the mixture of multiple products that don’t typically combine into a single product). It is important to note that because ABS is a thermoplastic material, it can be easily recycled. This means that a common way of producing ABS plastic is from other ABS plastic. ABS has a strong resistance to corrosive chemicals and/or physical impacts. It is very easy to machine and has a low melting temperature making it particularly simple to use in injection molding manufacturing processes or 3D printing on an FDM machine. ABS is also relatively inexpensive. ABS is an ideal material wherever superlative surface quality, colorfastness and luster are required.

    Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene market size, was worth of USD 27.45 Billion in 2020 and is expected to reach USD 46.88 Billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 6.92% from 2020 to 2027. The global Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene market is expected to grow at significant growth rate due to number of driving factor.

    ABS falls between standard resins such as PVC, polyethylene, polystyrene and engineering resins like acrylic, nylon and often meets satisfactory engineering properties at a reasonable cost. It offers greater impact properties and high heat distortion temperature. As ABS is amorphous, therefore it has no true melting point. The ABS market is witnessing its growing demand in electronics industry, where it is used in business machines, computers, radios, televisions telephone handsets and in automobile sector, it is used in instrument panels, consoles, radiator grills and interior trim parts with growing use in recreational vehicles.

    The global acrylonitrile butadiene styrene market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia- Pacific Latin America and Middle East & Africa. North America is expected to dominate the market within the forecast period attributed to increasing vehicle production and high investment in research and development in this region. Asia pacific is also expected to witness a fastest growth in the global acrylonitrile butadiene styrene due to increasing adoption of ABS in automotive industry and construction industry in this region. As ABS has various physical properties such as rigidity, tensile strength, toughness that is beneficial in production of vehicles, so there is increasing production of vehicles is anticipated to propel the growth of the market into the region.

    Uses of ABS

    ABS is used to produce DWV pipes, portions of musical instruments, medical devices such as inhalers and tracheal tubes, toys, and other household and consumer products. This plastic is also used in 3D printing.

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    ParameterIndex
    AppearanceNatural color granules, no admixture
    Large granules, g/kg ≤5
    Small granules, g/kg ≤5
    Melt flow rate, g/10min18-24
    Ultimate tensile strength, MPa ≥43
    Flexural strength, MPa ≥71
    Elastic modulus, MPa ≥2300
    Charpy impact test, KJ/m2 ≥16
    Vicat softening temperature, ℃≥92
    Rockwell test, (R scale) ≥107
    Yellowness index ≤30
    Whiteness index ≥58